Friday, 31 August 2018


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Scar -  a mark remaining after the healing of a wound, such as one caused by injury, illness, smallpox vaccination, surgery, pimples or accident happens. Beneath the skin is a fibrous connective tissue known as subcutaneous tissue, composed of cells called fibroblasts, which after injury are stimulated to grow into granulation tissue, knitting the wound together. Scar tissue is formed by dense masses of granulation tissue. It’s known as CICATRIX.

Fibrous tissue replacing normal tissues destroyed by injury or disease or divided after an incision; a mark remaining after the healing of a wound or other morbid process (by extension, any visible manifestation or an earlier event are known as SCAR.

Types of SCARS

There are several different types of scars including:

a). Keloid SCARS

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These scars are the result of an overly aggressive healing process. They extend beyond the original injury. Over time, a keloid scar may hamper movement. Treatments include surgery to remove the scar, steroid injections, or silicone sheets to flatten the scar. Smaller keloids can be treated using cryotherapy (freezing therapy using liquid nitrogen). You can also prevent keloid formation by using pressure treatment or gel pads with silicone when you are injured. Keloid scars are most common among people with dark skin.

b). Contracture SCARS

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If your skin has been burned, you may have a contracture scar. These scars tighten skin, which can impair your ability to move. Contracture scars may also go deeper, affecting muscles and nerves.

c). Hypertrophic SCARS

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These are raised, red scars that are similar to keloids but do not go beyond the boundary of the injury. Treatments include injections of steroids. To reduce inflammation or silicone sheets, which flatten the scar.

d). Acne SCARS

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If you’ve had severe acne, you probably have the scars to prove it. There are many types of acne scars, ranging from deep pits to scars that are angular or wavelike in appearance. Treatment options depend on the types of acne scars you have.

Method How to Reduce and Removed SCAR

Method 1 - Using Medical Treatments

1. Try dermabrasion

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Dermabrasion is a method of exfoliating the skin, using a rotating wire brush or diamond wheel, which removes the top layer of skin over and around the scar. In the weeks following the procedure, new skin will grow back, and the appearance of the scar will be greatly reduced. Dermabrasion is usually used for acne and other facial scars, through it can be performed on the legs by a qualified surgeon.

2). Get a chemical peel

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Chemical peels can be used to treat superficially scarring on the legs, and works particularly well for scars caused by hyperpigmentation. During a chemical peel, a dermatologist will apply a layer of acidic solution to the scarred skin and leave it on for approximately two minutes. You will experience a burning sensation, which should cease once the acid has been neutralized and the solution washed off. In the two weeks following the procedure, the top layers of skin will begin to peel away, leaving smooth, new skin behind.

3). Try laser treatments

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Laser treatment is a great option for improving the appearance of deeper scars than those targeted by dermabrasion and chemical peels. Laser treatment works by burning away the scar tissue, allowing fresh, new skin to grow and replace the scarred surface. The area is numbed with a special cream before the procedure, so the treatment is not particularly painful. Another advantage is that the laser can pinpoint the scar precisely, so the surrounding skin remains unaffected.

4). Get steroid injections

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Steroid injections have been successfully used to treat keloid scars, which are notoriously difficult to get rid of. For small keloid the steroid scars, which are notoriously difficult to get rid of. For small keloids the steroid injections, which contain substances such as hydrocortisone, are injected directly into the skin around the scar. Larger keloids are sometimes sliced or frozen off before the steroids are used.

5). Try collagen or other fillers

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Injections of collagen or other fats can be very helpful in improving the appearance of indented scars, such as the pockmarks caused by chicken pox. Collagen is a natural animal protein, which is injected into the skin with a fine needle, thus filling in the indented scars. Though very effective, the results of collagen treatments are not permanent, as the body absorbs the natural collagen. You will need to get the scar refilled after about four months.

Method 2 – Reducing The Appearance Of SCARS

1). Begin treating scars as soon as they appear

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You should begin treating your scar with a suitable cream or other treatment first. Most scar treatments will be much more effective on newer scars than on old ones, thus saving your time and money down the road.

2). Exfoliate Regularly

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Most scars will eventually disappear on their own as skin rejuvenates itself; shedding old layers of skin and growing new ones. You can help this process along by exfoliating your skin regularly in the shower, using a body scrub or a bristled brush.

3). Apply Sunscreen

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This is one often overlooked piece of advice that can significantly reduce the appearance of scars. What many people fail to realize is that new scars are extremely sensitive to UVA rays, and expose to sunlight can cause them to become much darker than they would be otherwise. By applying a sunscreen of at least SPF 30 to newly scarred skin, you can significantly minimize discoloration.

4). Massage Your Legs

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Regularly massaging your legs can help to break down the fibrous tissue which causes scarring. It also improves circulation which can aid with discoloration. You can massage legs in the shower using a body brush, or you can use your hands to rub each leg using long, circular strokes.

5). Use Concealer

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A good concealer can do wonders to hide scars on the legs. Make sure to get a concealer that matches your skin tone, and that you blend it in well with the surrounding skin. A waterproof concealer is best if you will be exposing your legs to unpredictable weather conditions, and theatrical make-up (which is much thicker than regular make-up) can work wonders for those with particularly bad scars.

Method 3 – Using Home Remedies

1). Cucumber

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Cucumber is a safe natural treatment which has been said to break down scar tissue, while cooling and soothing any inflamed skin around the scar. Again, this treatment will work better on fresh scars than on older ones. To use, peel a cucumber, chop roughly and blend in a food processor until it achieves a paste-like consistency. Apply a light layer of this paste to the scarred skin and leave it on overnight or apply a thicker layer and wash off after 10-15 minutes.

2). Use Aloe Vera

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Aloe Vera is a plant whose sap has well – known moisturizing and soothing properties. It is often used to treat burns, but can also be used as an effective natural scar treatment. Aloe vera contains anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties, making it most effective in the treatment of fresh scars (though it should not be applied to open wounds). The aloe vera – soothes the skin and will helps it to regenerate, thus reducing the appearance of scars over time.

3). Give Olive Oil A Try

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Olive Oil is another natural treatment which has been said to improve the appearance of scars. Extra virgin olive oil, in particular, is believed to produce the best results as it has a higher acidity level than other olive oils and a greater quantity of vitamin K and vitamin E. The oil works by softening and moisturizing the skin, causing the scar tissue to slacken, while acidity in the oil exfoliates the skin.

4). Lemon Juice

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Lemon Juice is a common home remedy for scar treatment, which receives mixed reviews. It is believed to lessen the appearance of scars by acting as a bleaching agent to minimize redness, while also exfoliating, to help skin regenerate. While lemon juice has helped some people to reduce their scars, this method is not recommended by dermatologists, as lemon juice can be harsh and drying on the skin, and has not been scientifically proven to remove scars.

5). Cocoa Butter

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Cocoa Butter is a natural product, which helps to reduce the appearance of scars by moisturizing and softening the outer and middle layers of skin, while simultaneously smoothing out the surface of the skin. You can use pure cocoa or use a lotion containing cocoa butter, which you should apply to the scarred area between 2 and 4 times a day.

6). Vitamin E Oil

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Vitamin E has been used in many health and beauty treatments for many years and many people swear by it as a successful treatment for scars. Vitamin E Oils is moisturizing and containing powerful antioxidants, helping it to repair skin and improve the appearance of damaged tissue.

Method 4 – Using Over – The Counter Products

1). Scar Reducing Creams and Gels

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There are many products available over the counter at the pharmacy that claim to reduce the appearance or even remove scars. Whether these products will work for you, will depending on the severity of your scarring.

2). Use a Silicone Based Scar Sheet

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Silicone scar sheets are a great, innovative way to deal with your scars, especially those that may look unsightly. The scar sheets are self-adhesive, so they will stick to your skin while the silicone technology works to hydrate, soften, and fade the scars. The silicone sheets are available for purchase over-the-counter or online and each box will usually provide an 8 to 12 week supply.

3). Bleaching Creams

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Bleaching Creams, such as those containing the ingredient hydroquinone, reduce the appearance of scars such as stretch marks and dark spots by targeting the hyperpigmentation, which causes dark brown, black, bright red or purple scars. These creams will effectively lighten the color of the scars, causing them to become less noticeable over time.


Proper Skin Care is vital if you’re concerned about your physical appearance. Unhealthy skin tends to appear sallow and dull, whereas healthy skin appears full and vibrant. Wrinkles develop with more ease and sink deeper if your skin is dehydrated and unhealthy, and it can result in uneven patches that have a mottled color. When skin is unhealthy it loses elasticity, which can make it sag and appear thin.


“Nothing can stop time, but you don’t have to resort to extreme plastic surgery to fend off its effects. It turns out that simple, daily, face-friendly habits can have a big impact. But we’re not talking about a major overhaul. Just some basics – five ideas for day, five for night. “Bottom line, make sure no 12 – hour period passes without doing something positive for your skin” Please Do It For Your Skin!!!”

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@ Jackie San

You also can read similar topics and tips about Glowing Your Skin>>>


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