Sunday, 24 January 2021

Sedih - Apa Sudah Jadi Dengan Mangsa Kluster Pasai, Sibu Sarawak ?



KLUSTER PASAI, SIBU PENYEBAB KES DI SARAWAK MELONJAK NAIK !


SIBU, SARAWAK :

Kluster Pasai, Sibu Sarawak adalah kluster terbesar setakat ini di Negeri Bumi Kenyalang (Sarawak) hasil dari penyebab seorang wanita yang menyembunyikan kepulangan dari luar negeri dan dianggap mementingkan diri sendiri PUNCA ke atas penyebaran wabak pandemik COVID -19 di kawasan sekitar terutamanya rumah panjang berdekatan di negeri ini.


Bukan itu sahaja, Kluster Pasai, Sibu Sarawak juga punca kepada penyebaran dan merebaknya punca POSITIF Wabak COVID -19 ke merata - rata tempat di seluruh Daerah di Negeri Sarawak dan telah menjadi punya beberapa Daerah di Negeri Bumi Kenyalang yang sebelum ini aman dengan Status Hijau bertukar kepada Status Zon Kuning, Zon Jingga dan kini ke Status Zon Merah yang begitu banyak sekali.


Selain itu juga, jumlah kes keseluruhan yang melibatkan Kluster Pasai, Sibu, Sarawak ini setakat 19 Januari 2021 (Selasa) adalah 754 kes dan dikhabarkan hampir melebihi 1,000 kes tercapai setakat ini.  Sejumlah 4,250 individu telah disaring COVID -19, di mana 2,500 keputusannya negatif dan terdapat 996 yang disaring masih menunggu keputusan makmal.


Setakat 19 Januari 2021 (Selasa), Kluster Pasai Sibu, Sarawak telah menyumbangkan 1 angka kematian terbaharu iaitu seorang lelaki berumur 55 tahun yang meninggal dunia akibat Positif COVID -19.


Sehingga 24 Januari 2021 (Ahad), Kes Positif COVID -19 berasal dari Kluster Pasai, Sibu, Sarawak dilihat dan yakin bahawa ianya akan terus melonjak naik dan tertinggi semenjak kewujudan Kluster tersebut bermula pada 08 Januari 2021 (Jumaat).


Rakyat Sarawak rata - rata mempersoalkan tanggungjawab serta integriti pegawai dan juga Kementerian Berwajib kerana kecuaian serta SOP yang sepatutnya diguna pakai tanpa pilih kasih sentiasa berubah dan tidak diguna pakai oleh seluruh Bahagian / Daerah di negeri Sarawak.


Dimaklumkan juga seperti di war - warkan di Media Sosial bahawa Bahagian Sibu, SOP untuk orang luar / warga negara yang berasal dari Sarawak untuk pulang ke tanahair / lokasi asal tidak perlu untuk Kuarantin di Hotel bahkan dibenarkan untuk Kuarantin di Rumah sahaja. Hasil daripada kelonggaran dan kecuaian pihak berwajib terutamanya tidak mematuhi SOP maka, mereka yang dibenarkan untuk kuarantin di rumah akan mudah bergerak, melanggar SOP yang ditetapkan serta tidak mustahil untuk keluar masuk pintu rumah tanpa adanya sistem yang diperketatkan dan memudahkan mereka untuk bergaul, menziarahi sanak saudara ataupun keluar masuk daerah, bahagian serta melakukan aktiviti yang tidak membosankan.


Mudah - Mudahan Hasil Dari Keputusan Serta Penyebaran Wabak COVID - 19 Dari Kluster Pasai, Sibu, Sarawak Ini Membuka Mata Pihak Berwajib Agar SOP Sedia Ada Dipatuhi Dan Jangan Pilih Kasih Walaupun Diri Anda Berpangkat Sebab Di Alam Kubur Kita Adalah Sama.


#KitaJagaKita

#SarawakNegeriAmanMakmur

#SarawakBebasCOVID-19



@ Jackie San


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Saturday, 23 January 2021

Why Horse Riding Is The Best Sport ?



Horse Riding Is What ?

Horse Riding is a great sport to get involved with and is an activity for all ages and abilities.

More and more people are taking to the sport and enjoying (Horse Riding) its health benefits, some of which are ....I am sharing below here.


a). Getting Started

The more keen and experienced riders may have their own pony or horse and all the necessary riding gear, but you don't really need all that to get started. Riding schools can provide training for the absolute novice through to the more confident and experienced rider. A riding school can give you a taster of the sport whilst providing all necessary equipment you will need, not forgetting the horse!


Once you have chosen a riding school it is most important that you pay it a visit to check it out. If you are unable to visit, you may need to call beforehand to let the instructor know a few details about your physique and previous experience. That way, the horse that will be prepared for your lesson will best suited to your needs.


b). Health Benefits Of Horse Riding

Horse Riding is a great exercise and offers a number of health and fitness benefits, including :


a). Develops Leg Muscles

b). Improves Balance and Posture

c). Improves Mental Concentration

d). Develops The Arm Muscles And The Agility Of The Hands

e). Refreshes And Clears The Mind Of Daily Distractions


c). Physical Benefits Of Horse Riding

Horse Riding is a great form of exercise which has both cardiovascular and muscle conditioning benefits. Although it may seen at first sight as though the rider is not engaging in any major physical exercise, an hour's activity can burn similar calories to that of a 30 minute jog or cycle ride. Therefore, all the health benefits associated with engaging in regular cardiovascular exercise are gained.


After your first ride you may feel muscles that you never knew you had. This is due to the movement of the horse and its effect on the rider during the ride. As the rider reacts to the horse's movements to avoid becoming off balance, the deep postural muscles of the trunk and pelvis and the adductor muscles of the thighs are continuously being conditioned.


d). Psychological Benefits Of Horse Riding

Horse Riding is recognised as having excellent therapeutic qualities. The psychological benefits can be of equal importance to riders as the physical benefits.


Simply being out and about and enjoying the great outdoors will boost your general well being and act as a great stress buster. There is a real sense of exhalation and freedom when you ride. Furthermore, developing a relationship and sense of trust between yourself and your horse is highly rewarding. Learning to control and care for an animal much larger than yourself can have a profound affect on your confidence.


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What Happens If The COVID -19 Vaccines Fail To Human ?



As We Know Initial Test Have Been Promising, But What Happens If None Of The Trials Pans Out And Fail To Human Body ?


The race for a COVID -19 vaccine is unprecedented : 198 potential vaccines are now in development, and that development is happening faster than it ever has in history. Moderna, for example, finalized its vaccine just days after Chinese researchers released the genetic sequence of the new coronavirus in January 2021. Two (2) months later, the first volunteer was dosed with the vaccine. Last week, the company published positive Phase I trial results showing that the vaccine seems safe and generates an immune response; days later, Oxford University researchers published similarly promising results.


But until larger trials are complete, it won't be clear whether any of the vaccines actually prevent COVID -19 - or how long that protection will last. Historically, most vaccines in development have failed. For a world that has poured billions into developing the new coronavirus vaccines, with manufacturing beginning even before trials end, what would it mean if none of the vaccines succeed ?


The risk of failure is still are real possibility. " This is extremely early data," says Raphael Viscidi, a virologist and professor of pediatrics and oncology at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. We know that the vaccines that have progressed furthest can cause the body to generate neutralizing antibodies against the virus. But we don't yet know if those antibodies will prevent disease, and many other questions remain. " The most important is the duration of that response, " he says. " That's always an issue with the vaccine: How long will the desired response last?" Natural immunity against other coronaviruses, like OC43, one cause of the common cold, is short-lived. If a vaccine has to be given repeatedly, especially if it's more than once a year, it becomes more impractical for it to be widely used. (Even if the vaccine is effective, the growing anti-vax sentiment is another challenge; if too many people refuse to get vaccinated, we won't reach heard immunity).


The first trials also only tested the vaccines on a small number of people. " We do not know what is happening in the older people," says Sanjay Mishra, a researcher at the Vanderbilt Vaccine Centre. " And you've seen how skewed the effect of the COVID - 19 is - it affects older people most." It's possible that older people may have a weaker antibody response, for example. There may also be other challenges that become apparent over time. Some failed vaccines for other diseases have had a "disease enhancement" effect, meaning they actually make the immune system more susceptible to the disease. Viscidi says that there's also a risk that a vaccine might interact in unexpected ways with other coronavirus, such as the common cold, SARS, or MERS; if a vaccine helps prevent COVID -19 but worsens another virus, that would obviously be a problem. He argues that the process of testing may need to last longer than the current ambitious timelines.


Oxford, which has partnered with AstraZeneca, has said that initial doses of its vaccine could be ready as early as September. But trials could take longer than expected. Another challenge is that enough people in a trial have to be exposed to the virus to determine a clear difference between the placebo and the vaccine, while warning volunteers that none of them should knowingly expose themselves to the virus. In the meantime - or if the vaccines aren't effective enough in the final analysis - the world will have to turn to other ways to deal with the disease.


" Plan B for that situation is plan A for today," says Jonathan Quick, managing director of the Pandemic Response, Preparedness, and Prevention Health Initiative at the Rockefeller Foundation. That means better adoption of best practices such as social distancing, wearing masks all time, and avoiding large crowds and no event or meeting (large crowds).  It will mean more development of therapeutics that help manage the symptoms and more deployment of the ones that are being tested now, from plasma antibody treatments to drugs like dexamethasone, which can help some of the most critically ill patients and, by extension, help overwhelmed hospitals have the capacity to help more patients. " One of the distinguishing features of COVID -19 versus, for example, the flu, is that COVID -19 is the only infectious disease that we've ever seen crash intensive care units, and part of it is the long length of stay," he says.


It also means a massive scale - up of testing and contact tracing, something else that could have helped prevent deaths and economic destruction if it had been put in place earlier. The Rockefeller Foundation recently published a report with recommendations for national testing and tracing. That plan includes faster testing, so patients can get results and a clear action plan while they're still in doctor's office (in some cases, results now are delayed by as long as two weeks, rendering them useless for preventing the spread of the virus). It also involves clear protocols for screening at high-risk locations such as nursing homes or meatpacking plants, investment in R&D for new tests, and much clearer communication nationally about when people need to be tested.


All of this needs to happen even if vaccines are successful. " We ought to be planning to be living with this for at least another year, year and a half, even if we do get a good vaccine," Quick says. " It may well be the good vaccine won't be the best vaccine, and scale-up is an issue. " At this point, he says, the disease won't completely go away. But we can address the current out-of-control situation. " It's a forest fire," he says. " Now a day, " what we need to get it down to something more smoldering honestly."



@ Jackie San


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Friday, 22 January 2021

" Polis Sahkan Tiada Rakaman CCTV Kejadian Rogol Tahanan Lokap Di Miri "



" Seorang remaja perempuan berumur 16 tahun mendakwa dirinya dirogol oleh tahanan lain semasa berada di dalam tahanan lokap pada 09 Januari 2021 (Sabtu) bertempat di Balai Polis Miri, Sarawak."


KUCHING: Ketua Polis Sarawak percaya kejadian rogol yang membabitkan tahanan remaja perempuan di lokap Balai Polis Pusat Miri, Sarawak memang berlaku berdasarkan percakapan saksi kejadian.


Datuk Aidil Ismail (Pesuruhjaya Polis Sarawak) memaklumkan dan turut mengesahkan bahawa pihaknya sedang melakukan siasatan terperinci memandangkan kamera litar tertutup (CCTV) di lokap berkenaan hanya berfungsi untuk aktiviti pemantauan sahaja dan bukannya bagi tujuan merakam video.


" Kamera litar tertutup (CCTV) memang sedia ada di dalam bangunan balai dan lokap berkenaan, tetapi saya difahamkan tidak boleh merakam seperti video. Fungsi kamera litar tertutup sedia ada adalah hanya berfungsi sebagai monitor bagi tujuan pemantauan terhadap atau oleh pengawal yang bertugas pada masa tersebut. Saya juga telah mengarahkan pasukan khas bagi menyiasat kenapa perkara seperti ini boleh berlaku di premis atau bangunan kerajaan," katanya pada sidang akhbar pencapai Polis Diraja Malaysia (PDRM) Kontijen Sarawak bagi Tahun 2020.


Selain itu, beliau turut memaklumkan hasil siasatan terperinci akan diketahui pada minggu ini juga.


Beliau turut memaklumkan, berdasarkan kepada bukti - bukti percakapan daripada beberapa orang saksi kejadian, memang disahkan bahawa memang berlakunya kejadian rogol di dalam lokap berkenaan," katanya.


Senator Alan Ling Sie Kiong menerusi hantaran dalam akaun Facebook beliau Sabtu lalu ( 09 Januari 2021 ) telah mendedahkan bahawa satu laporan polis telah dibuat oleh seorang remaja perempuan berusia 16 tahun di Balai Polis Pusat Miri, mendakwa dirinya dirogol oleh tahanan lain semasa berada di dalam lokap di Balai Polis Pusat Miri pada 09 Januari 2021 (Sabtu).


Pesuruhjaya Polis Sarawak turut mengulas berkenaan kerja - kerja siasatan secara terperinci mengenai dakwaan tersebut termasuk kecuaian anggota polis yang bertugas turut diambil kira dan akan diambil tindakan sewajarnya.


Beliau turut mengulas berkenaan isu berkenaan kunci lokap serta tahanan lokap keluar masuk sesuka hati di dalam Balai Polis Pusat Miri yang amat mendukacitakan.


Dua anggota polis yang bertugas ketika kejadian itu turut digantung kerja serta - merta sementara siasatan sedang dijalankan.



@ Jackie San


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What Are The Current Social Problems In The World ?



Social Problems Are...

The general factors that affect and damage society. Also known as social issues sometimes. A social problem is normally a term used to describe problems with a particular area or group of people in the world. It also affects how people react to certain situations. Examples can include here are:


1- Anti Social Behavior

2- Poverty

3- Prostitution

4- Racial Discrimination

5- Alcohol Abuse

6- Economic Deprivation

7- Political Corruption

8- Unemployment

9- Sexual Abuse

10- Stress (Rape, Early Pregnancy, Female Genital Mutilation)

11- Animal Abuse

12- The Shortage Of Schools

13- Bullying

14- Obesity

15- High Crime Rate


Marlow is officially the most deprived and worst place of living in the United Kingdom due to its social problems and factors of live. The town was given this particular position because of its frequent social problems, including: High levels of crime, high levels of unemployment, high levels of urban poverty, high levels of drug abuse and the lowest income on average in the country.


For example in year 2009, Adair Country had 137 DUI arrests, 160 liquor law violations, 131 drug arrests and 24 methamphetamine laboratory seizures in year 2009 (Behavioral Health Profile for Adair Country, 2011, p. 1). The manufacture of methamphetamine has been particularly problematic for rural Missouri. Missouri is the number one state in the country for methamphetamine trafficking. In year 2002, one of every six methamphetamine labs confiscated in the United States was Missouri (Gundy, 2006, p. 7). According to the Kirksville Police Department, methamphetamine is their number one crime problem. This high prevalence of methamphetamine abuse leads to 40% of school dropouts in Adair Country (Gundy, 2006, 0. 7).


The main cause of social problems is because of unemployment, which is also a social problem itself. Many industrial towns in England were booming in the mid 20th century because of their shipbuilding and mining industries. When these places were shut down in the year 1980's the unemployment rate reached its highest point in English history. The lack of money in these areas attracted other social problems and therefore social and economic development in these areas was stunted.



@ Jackie San

Thursday, 21 January 2021

" 16 Kluster Baharu 21 Januari 2021 - COVID 19 "



PUTRAJAYA, 21 Januari 2021 (Khamis) : 

Sebanyak 16 lagi kluster terbaharu COVID -19 berjaya diwujudkan termasuk 11 daripadanya adalah kluster di tempat ataupun lokasi bekerja. Pada hari ini juga (21 Januari 2021, Khamis) sebanyak 3,170 kes baharu telah direkodkan dan ianya dimaklumkan oleh Ketua Pengarah Kesihatan, Tan Sri Dr Noor Hisham Abdullah.


Ketua Pengarah Kesihatan turut memaklumkan bahawa, kluster di tempat kerja yang membabitkan dua (2) di Kuala Lumpur iaiatu Kluster Jalan Terolak dan Kluster Pasar Borong Kuala Lumpur. Manakala di Johor Baharu wujudnya Kluster Seri Bayu, Kluster Tampoi Tujuh dan juga Kluster Jalan Sempadan serta Kluster Kota Muhibbah dan juga Jalan Slim masing - masing wujud di Negeri Perak.


" Manakala kluster wujud daripada aktiviti keagamaan pula adalah Kluster Taman Sejahtera di Negeri Perak, sementara kluster kumpulan berisiko pula adalah Kluster Mandin Jaya (Pulau Pinang) dan juga Kluster Jalan Kelapa (Selangor) serta dua (2) lagi Kluster jangkitan komuniti adalah Kluster Kampung Tanah Merah (Negeri Terengganu) dan Kluster Gunung Raya (Negeri Kedah).


Bercakap pada sidang akhbar perkembangan jangkitan COVID - 19 di Kementerian Kesihatan (KKM) pada hari ini, beliau turut memaklumkan bahawa pengesanan kluster baharu itu telah menjadikan jumlah kluster kini kepada 701 dengan 327 kluster yang masih aktif.


Dalam pada itu juga, Ketua Pengarah Kesihatan turut memaklumkan, 3, 170 kes baharu hari ini, 3, 162 kes adalah hasil daripada jangkitan tempatan manakala lapan (8) kes import, dan ianya menjadikan jumlah kes aktif setakat ini telah mencecah 41, 755 kes.


Beliau turut memaklumkan bahawa, Kuala Lumpur telah mencatatkan kes tertinggi iaitu 576 kes, diikuti Negeri Selangor (545 kes), Johor ( 423 kes ), Sabah ( 401 kes ), Negeri Perak ( 245 kes), Negeri Pulau Pinang ( 171 kes ), Negeri Kedah ( 156 kes ), Negeri Kelantan ( 135 kes ), Negeri Sarawak ( 132 kes ), Negeri Melaka ( 106 kes ) dan akhir sekali iaitu Negeri Sembilan dengan ( 102 kes ).


" Baki negeri lain pula adalah hanya mencatatkan dua (2) angka seperti Negeri Terengganu dengan 57 kes, Negeri Pahang ( 48 kes ), Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya ( 33 kes ), manakala Wilayah Persekutuan Labuan ( 32 kes ) serta Perlis hanya dengan lapan (8) kes."


Ketua Pengarah Kesihatan turut memaklumkan juga, terdapat 260 kes positif COVID -19 id Unit Rawatan Rapi (ICU) dan 103 daripada mereka memerlukan bantuan pernafasan.


Beliau turut memaklumkan bahawa pada 21 Januari 2021 (Khamis), terdapat 12 kematian akibat wabak COVID -19 dilaporkan pada hari ini dan semuanya merupakan warganegara, yang berumur lingkungan 47 hingga 84 tahun dengan berlatar belakangkan pelbagai jenis penyakit. Manakala jumlah kumulatif kes kematian dalam negara adalah sebanyak dan meningkat ke angka 642 kes kematian.


Kes kematian tersebut adlaah melibatkan empat (4) mangsa dari Negeri Johor, tiga (3) dari Negeri Selangor, dua (2) dari Negeri Sabah, dan masing - masing satu kes dari Negeri Sembilan, Negeri Perak dan juga Negeri Sarawak.


Dr Noor Hisham selaku Ketua Pengarah Kesihatan turut memaklumkan bahawa 2, 490 kes pulih dilaporkan pada hari ini dan ianya menjadikan jumlah kumulatif kes sembuh sepenuhnya daripada jangkitan COVID -19 adalah sebanyak 130, 152 kes atau bersamaan 74.4 peratus daripada jumlah keseluruhan kes.



@ Jackie San

Kerajaan Indonesia Gesa Waris Mangsa Tuntut Segera 188 Beg Mayat Berisi Anggota Badan Mangsa Pesawat Sriwijaya "



JAKARTA, INDONESIA:

Pasukan Mengenalpasti Mangsa Nahas (DVI) Polis dan Pusat Perubatan Indonesia kini telah menerima sebanyak 188 beg yang mengandungi mayat anggota badan mangsa pesawat Sriwijaya Air SJ182 yang terhempas pada 09 Januari 2021 yang lalu.


" Sehingga jam 09 pagi kelmarin, pihak Pasukan DVI telah menerima sebanyak 188 beg mayat mangsa pesawat Sriwijaya Air seperti yang dimaklumkan oleh Ketua Pemerintah Pasukan DVI iaitu Pesuruhjaya Utama Polis, Encik Hery Wijatmoko. Ianya dimaklumkan dalam satu sidang akhbar di Hospital Nasional Polis bertempat di Jakarta Timur pada 18 Januari 2021 (Isnin).


162 dari 188 beg mayat tersebut telah selesai bagi tujuan pemeriksaan urutan dan manakala baki 26 beg lagi masih dalam proses penentuan persamaan identiti mangsa oleh pasukan penyiasat yang dilantik.


" Pagi kelmarin (18 Januari 2021), empat (4) fasa pemeriksaan telah dilakukan oleh empat (4) pasukan khas, selain menjalankan aktiviti - aktiviti pemeriksaan menggunakan Sistem Identifikasi Jari Automatik."


Penyiasat Indonesia juga telah berjaya memuat turun data dari perakam Pesawat Sriwijaya Air Boeing 737-500 hanya beberapa hari selepas pesawat malang tersebut terhempas ke laut dan mengorbankan seramai 62 orang penumpangnya.


Ketua Jawatankuasa Keselamatan Pengangkutan Nasional iaitu Encik Soerjanto Tjahjono dalam satu (1) kenyataan sebelum ini turut memaklumkan bahawa semua maklumat dan data yang ditemui adalah dalam keadaan memuaskan dan baik.


Alat perakam yang menyimpan maklumat mengenai kelajuan, ketinggian dan juga arah pesawat malang berkenaan itu dapat memberikan petunjuk yang begitu penting dan menjawab persoalan kenapa pesawat tersebut terjunam dari ketinggian kira - kira 10,000 kaki (3,000 meter) dalam waktu kurang seminit sebelum Sriwijaya Air terhempas di laut di luar Jakarta.


Selain tiu, lebih kurang 3,000 orang mengambil bahagian dalam operasi membantu nahas berkenaan serta puluhan kapal dan juga helikopter turut bekerjasama dalam kerja - kerja pencarian.


Sementara itu juga, penyelam turut berjaya membawa perakam data ke permukaan dengan kini memberikan tumpuan pada usaha mencari alat perakam suara kokpit di dasar laut yang penuh dengan bangkai pesawat Sriwijaya Air.


Sehingga pagi kelmarin, pasukan penyiasat telah mengenal pasti 24 mangsa nahas menerusi cap jari dan juga sampel DNA mangsa.


Sampel DNA mangsa yang terlibat adalah Okky Bisma, Khasanah, Fadly Satrianto, Asy Habul Yamin, Indah Halimah Putri, Agus Minarni dan juga Ricko.


Terdapat juga peninggalan jasad Ihsan Adhlan Hakim, Mia Trasetyani, Yohanes Suherdi, Pipit Priyono, Supianto, Toni Ismail, Dinda Amelia, Isti Yudha Prastika, Putri Wahyuni dan Rahmawati, Makrufatul Yeti, Rosi Wahyuni, Rizki Wahyuni, Nelly, Beben Sopian, Arifin Ilyas dan juga Arneta Fauzia.


Pesawat Sriwijaya Air Flight SJ182 iaitu dalam perjalanan penerbangan dari Jakarta ke Bandar Pontianak, Kalimantan, Indonesia pada 09 Januari 2021 (Sabtu) lalu pada jam 1540 petang apabila ia dipastikan telah terhempas di perairan di Kepulauan Seribu.


Pesawat tersebut berlepas dari Lapangan Terbang Soekarno Hatta di Jakarta pada 1536 petang selepas pesawat tersebut tertangguh akibat keadaan cuaca yang tidak mengizinkan untuk berlepas, dan seharusnya berlepas pada jam 1435 petang itu.



@ Jackie San


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Top 5 Activities When Visit Gunung Mulu National Park, Sarawak, Malaysia



GUNUNG MULU NATIONAL PARK -

The Gunung Mulu National Park is a national park in Miri Division, Sarawak, Malaysia. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that encompasses caves and karst formations in a mountainous equatorial rainforest setting. The park is famous for its caves and the expeditions that have been mounted to explore them and their surrounding rainforest, most notably the Royal Geographical Society Expedition of 1977 - 1978, which saw over 100 scientists in the field for 15 months. This initiated a series of over 20 expeditions now named the Mulu Caves Project.


The national park is named after Mount Mulu, the second highest mountain in Sarawak.


WHAT ARE THE TOP ATTRACTIONS TO VISIT IN GUNUNG MULU NATIONAL PARK ?

The top attractions to visit in Gunung Mulu National Park are :


a). Deer Cave

b). Clearwater / Wind Show Caves

c). The Pinnacles Trail

d). Gunung Mulu Summit Trek

e). Mulu Skywalk


WHAT ARE THE BEST OUTDOOR ACTIVITIES DURING VISIT IN GUNUNG MULU NATIONAL PARK ?

The best outdoor activities in Gunung Mulu National Park according to Travellers are :


a). The Pinnacles Trail

b). Clearwater / Wind Show Caves

c). Deer Cave


WHICH PLACES PROVIDE THE BEST NATURE & PARKS IN  IN GUNUNG MULU NATIONAL PARK FOR ADVENTUROUS TRAVELLERS ?

These are the best places for adventurous nature & parks in Gunung Mulu National Park :


a). Deer Cave

b). Clearwater / Wind Show Caves

c). The Pinnacles Trail



@ Jackie San

Wednesday, 20 January 2021

" TERKINI - Kluster Rakut @ Sg Rakut di Miri, Sarawak "



KUCHING : 

Jabatan Kesihatan Negeri Sarawak kelmarin (19 Januari 2021, Selasa) telah mengisytiharkan satu kluster baharu pandemik COVID -19 iaitu Kluster Rakut yang datangnya dari Bahagian Miri, Sarawak.


Timbalan Ketua Menteri Datuk Amar Douglas Uggah Embas memaklumkan bahawa indeks kes kepada Kluster Rakut adalah kes ke 1,740 yang telah dikesan melalui saringan terhadap kontak kepada kes positif COVID -19 pada 12 Januari 2021 (Selasa) yang lepas.


" Hasil daripada pengesanan secara aktif kontak - kontak rapat kepada kes tersebut, sembilan (9) lagi kes positif telah dikesan termasuk enam (6) kes baharu yang dilaporkan pada hari kelmarin iaitu hari Selasa (19 Januari 2021).


" Sehingga kelmarin, 19 Januari 2021 (Selasa), tepat jam 12 tengah hari, serami 33 orang individu telah melakukan saringan, dan didapati 10 kes telah dikesan positif termasuk kes indeks. Manakala tujuh (7) didapati negatif dan 16 masih menunggu keputusan ujian swab COVID -19," katanya pada sidang media harian COVID -19.


Uggah selaku Pengerusi Jawatankuasa Pengurusan Bencana Negeri Sarawak (JPBNS) turut memaklumkan, dengan penisytiharan itu ia menjadikan pada 19 Januari 2021, Selasa terdapat lapan (8) kluster yang masih aktif di Negeri Sarawak.


Uggah turut memaklumkan bahawa, selain Kluster Rakut di Miri, antara kluster yang masih aktif di dalam Sarawak seperti Kluster Bukit Sekubong (Sebauh), Kluster Jelita (Miri), Kluster Pasai (Sibu), Kluster Keranji Tabuan (Kuching), Kluster Bah Sayap (Miri), Kluster Stutong (Kuching) dan Kluster Mador (Meradong).


" Pada 19 Januari 2021, Selasa turut memperlihatkan bahawa Daerah Kanowit telah bertukar status dari Status Kuning kepada Status Jingga setelah sejumlah 29 kes berjaya dikesan yang melibatkan kes jangkitan tempatan di daerah ini dalam tempoh 14 hari yang lepas.


" Manakala Daerah Subis di Bahagian Miri dan juga Daerah Belaga di Bahagian Kapit pula telah bertukar status Hijau kepada Status Kuning setelah sejumlah tiga (3) kes baharu dikesan yang melibatkan kes jangkitan tempatan dikesan di daerah ini dalam tempoh 14 hari yang lepas, " katanya.


Beliau turut memaklumkan iaitu Daerah Kuching, Sibu, Miri dan juga Beluru kekal berstatus Merah dengan sejumlah kes 905 jangkitan tempatan yang dilaporkan di empat (4) daerah ini dalam tempoh 14 hari yang lepas.


Selain itu, Daerah Sebauh juga kekal berstatus Jingga dengan jumlah kes sebanyak 27 kes jangkitan tempatan.


Pengerusi JPBNS turut memaklumkan bahawa Daerah Betong, Meradong, Julau, Kapit, Simunjan, Asajaya, Dalat, Selangau, Sebauh, Samarahan, Sri Aman, Bukit Mabong, Bintulu, Limbang dan juga Kanowit kekal berstatus Kuning dengan jumlah keseluruhan kes sebanyak 79 kes jangkitan tempatan yang dilaporkan dalam tempoh 14 hari yang lepas.


Manakala, 17 daerah yang lain masih kekal berstatus Hijau."



@ Jackie San

VIRAL " Inovasi Mesin Pembuka Buah Kelapa "


https://youtu.be/TwnuWKtVD9g

5 Easy Ways To Get Money During MCO



It felt just like yesterday when our country was placed under the Movement Control Order (MCO) to combat the spread of COVID -19 pandemic, and in the blink of an eye, almost a one (1) year has passed.


With the health and economic crisis we're facing right now, one (1) can't help but wonder - what could I have done to prepare for this better financially ?


Stuck at home during MCO, Malaysian have been spending most of their time through online.


Undeniably, the Internet remains as one (1) of the best democratizers and ways of opportunity for most of us during our lives or during MCO now. While most people might not be aware of this, practically any skills you may have can potentially turn into an alternative revenue stream.


Here I am sharing are 5 Ways We Can Get Money During MCO Easily and that you can start today!


1 # GET RID OF YOUR EXTRA STUFF 

Consider selling old gifts or items you may not have used in the last six (6) months. Even though this may not be a sustainable side hustle, it's still an easy way to earn extra cash conveniently.


Platforms such as Carousell and Mudah.my are dedicated solely for selling preloved goods, while Facebook Marketplace is dedicated to e-rommerce postings. Search long enough and you can find an app that caters to every " category " a la e-commerce.


2 # TAKE YOUR BUSINESS FROM OFFLINE TO ONLINE

Now more than ever, businesses are being forced to rethink their strategies. In the face of increasing digitization and the ongoing pandemic, businesses are discovering just how much it pays to have a solid online presence.


A few leading examples of companies that have transitioned online and embraced the change is Flyproject.co, Kuala Lumpur's biggest boutique fitness centre, and Tribe Boxing Studio, a boxing fitness centre, as they are now offering online workout sessions for their members to try comfort of their home.


With technological developments to keep you connected plus a little creativity and innovation, people are constantly finding new ways to keep businesses alive.


3 # GO FREELANCE

Creatives may be the best candidates for this pursuit as most of them already know that their skills are in-demand. Many try to build their own networks using social media, however, there are apps that can help you tap into a potential customers.


Upwork and Freelancer.com being the international partners of Malaysia Economic Development Corporation (MDEC) pay you for your every creative project you commit to. Jobs could range from website creation to even simple transcription work.


4 # TRY STOCK INVESTING

This may be difficult to consider now, especially when you see stock markets worldwide are all in the red. Once the world economy stabilizes, it's one way to generate income.


If it all seems overwhelming, sign up for an online investment platform that offers tips and smart features, allowing everyone to get a hand in investing.


Start small. You only have to invest small amounts, allowing you to dip your toe in the water. Invest in what you know and what you've interested in.


For those who don't have the time or knowledge to do it on their own, you can choose to copy other people's investment strategies on available investment platforms.


5 # BLOGGERS MAKE MONEY

One of the most common ways to make money through or as bloggers. It a most common ways bloggers easy to make money. The most common ways bloggers make money is through placing ads on their site. There are two (2) popular types of ads : CPC/PPC Ads: Cost per click (also called pay per click) ads are usually banners that you place your content or sidebar. Each time a reader clicks on the ad, you are paid for that click. So easy.


CONCLUSION

In these trying times, businesses have to come up with new ways to survive during the MCO and the Malaysian Government is taking drastic distancing measures to try and curb the spread of COVID -19 pandemic.


Yet the list above shows us even in times of crisis, there are still opportunities to be had. With the Internet, the world can truly be your oyster, all without you having to leave the safety and comfort of your own home.


Realizing this can make a difference between you being a victim of the current circumstances or coming out stronger and hopefully more financially sound.



@ Jackie San

Tuesday, 19 January 2021

" What The Big Global Economy Looks Like Heading Into 2021 "



SINGAPORE : 

The COVID - 19 Pandemic, has sent the global economy into one of its worst recessions ever, and it isn't yet clear when a full recovery will be in place.


Recent progress on coronavirus vaccines has brightened the economic outlook, but some economists said a potentially slow rollout of vaccines across developing economies could hamper the returns of activity to pre-pandemic levels.


Even among advanced economies, renewed lockdowns in Europe in a bid to stave off a resurgence in infections could push back economic recovery, according to economists.


" The vaccine discovery is a shot in the arm, but not until 2022," Citi economists said in a report in early December 2020. Still, there will be " clear improvement " in the global economy in 2021, partly because "it's not hard to be better than 2020," they said.


1 #Steep Decline In Activity

The rapid spread of COVID -19 Pandemic - which was first detected in China - forced many countries into months of lockdown in year 2020 that markedly reduced economic activity.


As a result, gross domestic product - the broadest measure of activity - plunged to record lows across many economies.


The International Monetary Fund forecast the global economy could shrink about 4.4% this year, before bouncing back to 5.2 % growth in year 2021. The IMF announced in October 2020, the world economy has started to recover, but warned the return to pre-pandemic levels will be " long, uneven, and uncertain."


2 #Travel Restrictions Remain

One main feature of coronavirus pandemic lockdowns around the world is the complete or partial closure of borders, which brought much of international travel to a halt.


As of November 01, 2020, more than 150 countries and territories had eased COVID -19 related to travel restrictions, according to the United Nations World Tourism Organization.


But many restrictions remain in place to limit movements across the borders, said UNWTO. That including :


a). Requiring visitors to present a negative COVID -19 test before letting them enter the country;

b). Requesting visitors to quarantine or self-isolate upon arrival;

c). Only opening borders to visitors with specific nationalities or from certain destination.


3 #Job Losses Accelerate

A major consequence of the pandemic - induced economic slump is an increase in job losses globally.


The Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, an intergovernmental entity, said that in some countries, the early effects of COVID -19 pandemic on labor markets were " ten times larger than that observed in the first months of the 2008 global financial crisis."


" Vulnerable workers are bearing the brunt of the crisis. Low-paid workers have been key to ensure the continuation of essential services during lockdowns, often at a substantial risk of exposing themselves to the virus while working."


" They have also suffered greater job or income losses."


4 #Government Debt Soars

Governments have increased spending to protect jobs and support workers. Globally, government measures to cushion the pandemic's economic blow totaled $ 12 trillion. Report by IMF in October 2020.


Such staggering levels of spending have pushed global public debt to an all-time high-but governments should not withdraw fiscal support too soon.


" With many workers still unemployed, small businesses struggling, and 80-90 million people likely to fall into extreme poverty in 2020 as a result of the pandemic-even after additional social assistance - it is too early for governments to remove the exceptional support," IMF report it.


 5 #Central Bank Step In


Central banks, too, have come in to support the economy by cutting interest rates - many to record-low levels - which will help governments to manage their debt.


The U.S. Federal Reserve, whose policy affects economies worldwide, slashed interest rates to near zero and committed to not raising them until inflation exceeds its 2 % target.


Central banks in advanced economies - including the Fed and the European Central bank - have also increased their asset purchases to inject more money into the financial system. That's a move also adopted by an increasing number of central banks in emerging markets as they explore ways to support their respective economies hit hard by the pandemic.



@ Jackie San

Monday, 18 January 2021

VIRAL " Polis Disabitkan Kesalahan Membiarkan Remaja Bawah Umur Dirogol Dalam Lokap - MIRI "



KUCHING :

Polis Sarawak telah menggantungkan tugas terhadap dua (2) anggotanya selepas seorang gadis bawah umur mendakwa dirogol seorang tahanan lain ketika beliau ditahan di dalam sebuah lokap tahanan di Balai Polis Pusat Miri iaitu pada 09 Januari 2021 (Sabtu).


Gadis tersebut dipercayai ditahan pada 09 Januari 2021 (Sabtu) akibat daripada aktiviti judi secara online di Miri, pihak polis Miri telah menjalankan aktiviti serbuan dan beliau telah ditahan di dalam lokap bertempat di lokap tahanan Balai Polis Pusat Miri.


Ketika gadis tersebut ditangkap di tempat kerjanya, sehari sebelum kejadian, mangsa telah ditahan di dalam tahanan secara berasingan bagi tujuan membantu siasatan pihak polis Miri.


Bagaimanapun, sekitar jam 0400 pagi, lokap mangsa telah dibuka oleh suspek yang memiliki kunci lokap, dan akibat daripada kejadian itu, suspek telah merogol mangsa dalam bangunan Balai Polis Miri.


Kejadian tersebut telah dilaporkan kepada pihak polis dan suspek kemudian ditahan lanjut serta didakwa atas perbuatan kejinya.


Pada 12 Januari 2021 (Selasa), suspek telah didakwa di Mahkamah Seksyen Miri dan suspek mengaku bersalah.


Senator Alan Ling bersama mangsa serta bapanya telah membuat sekali lagi laporan polis bagi tujuan tindakan selanjutnya.


Laporan berkenaan adalah membabitkan kecuaian yang dilihat begitu kejam oleh Pegawai Kerajaan terutamanya yang melibatkan ketenteraman awam yang dilakukan di bangunan Balai Polis kerana ianya boleh disabitkan Pihak Polis Membenarkan Kejadian Ini Berlaku Di Dalam Premis Mereka.


Oleh yang demikian, tindakan Mahkamah akan dijalankan ke atas Kecuaian Pihak Polis.


Lanjutan daripada itu, Pesuruhjaya Polis Sarawak, Datuk Aidil Ismail memaklumkan, kedua-dua anggota polis yang bertugas pada hari kejadian telah digantung tugas akibat kecuaian mereka dan tidak mematuhi prosedur operasi standard (SOP) ketika menjalankan tugas.


Kes ini masih dalam siasatan.



@ Jackie San



VIRAL " Aktiviti Hujung Minggu Bermain VolleyBall Team DOA Limbang - TER...

Sunday, 17 January 2021

" Sarawak People High Compliance With COVID -19 SOP "



KUCHING, JANUARY 17, 2021 :

The Sarawak people have been praised for their high compliance with the Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) COVID -19 set to curb the spread of the COVID -19 pandemic in the state of Sarawak.


Deputy Chief Minister Datuk Amar Douglas Uggah Embas who conducted spot checks today at the Kota Sentosa market and Stutong community market said he was impressed by the high compliance shown by traders and the public at the venues.


" We have seen almost 100 per cent compliance with the wearing of face masks, keeping social distancing, and observing entry registration as well as the screening of body temperature.


" This is a very positive attitude and very good news for Sarawakian. People are complying with the SOP. In other words, they are giving full co-operation in our fight against the pandemic of COVID -19, " he told reporters after conducting the spot checks, adding that he hoped other markets and shopping centres would have the same level of compliance.


He also commended local authorities for their efforts in ensuring the public's compliance with the SOP and urged enforcement officers to use diplomacy to advise members of the public to adhere to it.


" Explain to them the objective is to protect them and their families, " Uggah said.


Accompany Deputy Chief Minister Datuk Amar Douglas Uggah Embas who conducted spot checks today at the Kota Sentosa Market and Stutong Community Market was Kuching South Mayor Datuk Wee Hong Seng.



@ Jackie San


" The Most Five Critical Global Issues Today "



What Are The World's Biggest Problems And How To Solve Critical Global Issues !


Do you want to make a positive impact on the world, but have no idea where to even start? 

Maybe you've felt overwhelmed by all the information available to you. 

That's why I created this summary of at least fives major global issues, and what's being done about them.


This summary is packed  with the statistics and updates on the challenges as global citizens. Sometimes it can seem as though there are too many - from a global pandemic, to climate change, to the high rate of gender inequality, and the many people living without access to medical care.


Where do you even start? Which issues are the most urgent? And can one person, really, truly, make that much of a contribution?


But working to alleviate global issues doesn't have to be that confusing or stressful.


there are well-established structures in place to help you see where help and resources are needed.


There are also organisations, GVI, that can help you contribute towards sustainable, community-led projects that take significant strides towards resolving these problems.


WORLD REPORTS 22 GLOBAL ISSUES

The United Nations (UN) currently lists 22 "Global Issues". This is not intended to be an exhaustive list. Rather, it serves as an overview of some of the major issues all global citizens should be aware of.


The UN has also set 17 goals to be achieved by 2030. These are in line with the most important issues of our time, and are known as the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs).


There are many organisations that align their mission to these goals. For instance, all GVI's work is guided by a commitment to the UN SDGs.


To learn more about our commitment to furthering progress on the goals set by the UN.


For that I am sharing are fives of the world's biggest challenges, and how we can be part of the solution.


1 # EMPWERMENT WORK IN AFRICA

A number of world statistics highlight a need for additional support in sub-Saharan Africa. This region has the highest child mortality rate and persons living with HIV infection in the world, as well as the most extreme rates of child stunting, the highest number of road traffic fatalities, and the lowest numeracy and literacy rates.


Its population is also one of the fastest-growing, which means more and more people are affected by these issues every day. Some of the widest gaps between income groups and genders can also be found in sub-Saharan Africa.


For this reason, Africa is highlighted as a region requiring additional support. At GVI, a number of community development programs in Africa including South Africa and Ghana were offer. There are also programs in Zambia, Tanzania and Zanzibar.


Choose to make an impact by addressing a range of basic needs such as literacy and numeracy, child development, exercise and sports education, preventive health or women's empowerment.


2 # THE NEED FOR GENDER EQUALITY

Although women make up approximately half of the population, there have historically been social barriers to economic and personal freedom for women. While much has been done to alleviate this, there is still quite a way to go, especially in low- and middle- income settings.


Women are disemprowered from a young age, when they are held back from attending school for financial reasons, or because of the perception that their education does not matter. Globally, women still earn less than men, and women with children tend to earn even less. This is a waste of potential and hampers progress on obstacles to global prosperity.


Women's emprowerment has far-reaching benefits for the world. It has been estimated that if women farmers could be given the same resources as men, 150 million more people could be fed, effectively achieving the goal of zero hunger.


Women across the world are often the caretakers of household health, which means that if all women are taught effective healthcare practices, global well-being statistics could be altered dramatically. Children of educated mothers are also less likely to be malnourished and survive past the age of five (5).


But it's not simply the lack of access to education and financial resources that hinders women. Non-communicable diseases are the leading cause of death for women worldwide with ischemic heart disease taking the number one spot in women's mortality.


Rates of sexual violence against women remain high. This places women at greater risk of sexually transmitted infections.


The UN is creating awareness around the issue of women's rights through setting objectives under UN SDG 5: Gender Equality. GVI runs several women's empowerment projects worldwide in India, Nepal, Ghana, Laos and South Africa.


For each women's empowerment project, team was liaises with women in the community to find out what their needs are and how we can support them in achieving their goals.


Some women ask for support with running their handicraft business, others ask to work on educating young boys and girls about the value of gender equality, while others require computer literacy classes.


3 # GLOBAL CHILD HEALTH AND PRIMARY EDUCATION

Children are key to our success, yet many children across the world do not have some of their most basic needs met and rates of under-five child mortality remain high.


Child health and education go hand in hand. Malnutrition of children leads to permanent physiological damage, known colloquially as "stunting". Children who are hungry cannot concentrate and, thus, cannot learn. Children who go chronically hungry for long periods of time can develop difficulties in their learning abilities and concentration due to hunger. This means they might not be able to achieve their academic or professional potential.


Even when children are attending school, the quality of their education might be poor, or educational capacity and resources may be limited.


This means that they might leave school without the necessary numeracy or literacy skills required. In 2017 the UN estimated that approximately 600 million children are not mastering basic mathematics and literacy while at school.


The UN aims to combat this trend in low-quality learning by uniting organisations under UN SDG 4: Quality Education. GVI helps to further this objective through our child development projects in Nepal, South Africa, Fiji, India, Costa Rica, Thailand, Mexico and Laos, as well as our teaching projects in Costa Rica, Thailand, Laos, Nepal, and South Africa.


4 # MAJOR GLOBAL HEALTH ISSUES

Besides malnutrition, there are many other issues affecting health on a global scale. For example right now we're in the middle of the global COVID-19 pandemic, which has infected more than 38 million people worldwide, and resulted in over 1 million deaths. In the past, the main topic of focus was communicable diseases like hepatitis, cholera, malaria, tuberculosis and HIV.


Increased access to clean water and improved education around proper sanitation has resulted in an overall decrease in the prevalence of transferable diseases worldwide, and is also currently one (1) of our most effective tools against COVID-19 pandemic.


But while current strategies to prevent disease are working, efforts to improve sanitation shouldn't slow down.


While teaching good hygiene practices is still beneficial, the importance of good nutritional education and preventing personal harm is now emphasised.


For example, explaining the dangers of a sugary diet, excessive alcohol consumption, smoking tobacco, using unsafe cooking fuels, driving recklessly, and walking across a busy highway, is imperative.


Likewise, many low-income countries lack emergency response resources. This means that providing opportunities for community members to learn first aid skills can help to save lives.


But while the focus of the global healthcare community has now shifted to non-communicable diseases like cancer, diabetes, chronic respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, communicable diseases remain a burden in low-income settings.


Communicable diseases are still responsible for 71.0% of deaths, and low-income countries are the most severely affected.


The UN tackles the problems of health and well-being under Goal 3: Good Health and Well-Being. The World Health Organisation (WHO) oversees the objectives set under this goal.


GVI helps to further the aims of this goal through public health projects. Our public health projects are available in Thailand, South Africa, Nepal, Mexico and India. These projects all promote health and wellness through education, and do not involve any hands-on or diagnostic medical work, as per our ethical guidelines.


During these projects workshops was conducted with students and community members to teach them about preventive healthcare practices. This involves WASH (Water and Sanitation for Health) classes where emphasise the importance of washing hands and brushing teeth, as well as healthy cooking and eating workshops.


Through our sports programs, the importance of daily exercise are highly promote and run maternal and child health, as well as first aid workshops.


5 # FOOD SECURITY

Then number of hungry people in the world has increased over the last few years. Now, as many as one in nine (9) people in the world go hungry each day, and suffer from nutritional deficiencies as a result.


Food insecurity and famine are some of the biggest threats to the overall health of the human population, more so than malaria, tuberculosis or HIV.


So, what is the problem? How can it be 2021and people are still going hungry?


The problem is not that we aren't producing enough food, but rather that people lack access to food. Many people do not have enough money to purchase food and cannot grow their own.


According to the World Food Programme (WFP), countries with the highest level of food insecurity also have the highest outward migration of refugees.


And while overall hunger has steadily decreased over the past decade, there has been an increase in the number of refugees, who typically suffer the most from food insecurity.


Even though approximately 11.0% of the world is undernourished, about 39.0% of the adult population are overweight.


No country in the world had seen any kind of decrease in obesity rate. In fact, it's rising among both children and adults. While it is tempting to think of obesity as a form of "over-nutrition", it is actually another kind of malnutrition.


People consume pre packed food that is low in nutrients, and high in carbs and preservatives. As a result, they increase their risk of obesity.


Another surprising fact about obesity is that, while you might expect it to only occur among higher-income groups, it actually affects people at every income level.


Nutritious food is often more expensive and, in some areas, access to healthy foods is restricted or even non-existent. When food prices rise, lower-income communities have no choice but to choose prepackaged, high-carb and high-sugar options.


Go test this out for yourself. Visit your local supermarket and compare the price of a punnet of strawberries to a candy bar. Which is cheaper? If you didn't have much money, which would you choose?


The UN is working to reduce the number of hungry people to zero by 2030. This is represented by UN SDG 2: Zero Hunger.


In Fiji, one (1) of the countries with the highest levels of obesity, GVI has been working to support local communities with setting up their own vegetable gardens.


GVI also runs regular healthy eating and nutrition workshops in Fiji. In one (1) of these workshops, women from the local community demonstrate how to cook a nutritious meal to encourage the community to eat healthy, nutrient-rich meals.


These training opportunities enable individuals to make sustainable lifestyle changes in the community. The garden means that the community is less dependent on the ups and downs of the international market and the low production of in-country farmers.


Community vegetable gardens can provide the alternative of a nutritious, natural snack instead of a prepackaged sugary one.


Our other community development projects around the world, in Thailand, India, Nepal, Mexico, Costa Rica, and South Africa, also feature many community garden projects similar to those run in Fiji.


Now....We move to What are Global Environment Issues.

There are three (3) major environmental issues listed by the UN. These include threats to habitats and organisms on land and underwater, as well as resource depletion.


1 # HABITAT & BIODIVERSITY LOSS

Despite the Asian elephant being endangered, they ae still treated unethically in some situations. In an ideal world, all animals would be able to live in their natural habitats.


However we need to understand that some animal facilities play an important role in conservation. This is why GVI supports an ethical elephant sanctuary in Thailand where these animals can be protected in their forest habitat.


And forests are key to producing the air we breathe, yet these are being depleted at a rate of 26 million hectares every year.


Extinctions are happening at what scientists estimate to be about 1,000 times the normal pace. Not only are we losing flora and fauna, we are also damaging our ecosystems, and throwing them out of balance -  the effects of which we cannot anticipate due to the intricate and complex nature of these systems.


Many organisations have been working to protect local ecosystems for years. This includes the UN, which has set up specific objectives under UN SDG 15: Life on Land. 


On each of these programs, we will gather data, which will help to inform local wildfire park or sanctuary managers.


Data will also be used to present policies to other organisations and governments in order to preserve habitats around the world. Volunteer to help protect jaguars or turtles in Costa Rica, elephants in Thailand, or cheetahs in South Africa.


2 # OCEAN CONSERVATION

Most of our planet is covered in water. We depend on the oceans to maintain our rainwater systems and many populations rely on it for food and income. Oceans also absorb carbon dioxide and produce more than half of the oxygen we breathe.


But despite its importance, the ocean is under threat. Overfishing and unsustainable fishing practices are causing the endangerment and extinction of many marine species.


Global warming has caused an increase in coral bleaching, where reefs lose vital nutrients and can no longer sustain the ecosystems that depend on them.


Commercial fishing practices dominate the market inhibit the economic progress of local fishers, who cannot compete with these boats.


And with the effectiveness of modern day fishing techniques comes the problem of bycatch -  where marine species such as dolphins and turtles are caught in commercial fishing nets, and are later discarded.


Pollutants like boat fuel, pesticides, fertiliser, sewage, and plastics cause " dead zones " - spots where no organism can live - to form in the ocean.


The UN is dealing with this problem through objectives set under UN SDG 14: Life Below Water. GVI runs marine and coastal conservation programs in Fiji, Seychelles, Mexico and Thailand.


At each of these locations, the collecting data with concerning the type and number of species in the area was done. Including the arrangement and managing regular beach and seabed cleanups was done.


3 # WATER SCARCITY

As with food, there is actually enough fresh water for each person currently living on the planet. However, access to that water is not always possible for everyone.


Issues such as poor infrastructure, displacement and conflict mean that many people often have to use unsafe water sources. This is a clear health and sanitation risk.


About two (2) billion people still use a water source that is contaminated with human waste, and about the same amount don't have access to adequate toilet facilities.


The UN has set the goal of ensuring equal access to water and sanitation for all. This is represented by UN SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation.


On our community development projects across the world, we've worked with local partners to complete infrastructure development projects to increase the community's access to clean water.


In both South Africa and Fiji the community projects to construct rainwater harvesting systems are highly recommended and support.


Next we move to Global Issues That Require Policy Solutions


1 # GLOBAL ISSUES THAT REQUIRE POLICY SOLUTIONS

Certain global issues cannot be solved by on-the-ground, grassroots-style projects. These include the upholding of international law and peace, assisting with the decolonisation of nations and ensuring the effective running of democracies.


These are the activities that organisations like the UN oversee as a regulatory institution. However, there are a number of policy-level issues that you can join us to work on.


The first is human rights, the basic rights of all people around the world. To Save the Children in Mexico and to teach young students about their rights. In our women's empowerment projects around the world, also provide resources to support women as they learn more about their own rights.


The next is population growth. In our teaching and women's empowerment projects, both girls and women in their educational development were supported.


It has been shown that by increasing women's access to education, population growth decreases. In this way, these projects contribute to stabilising the global population.


Climate change is another issue that can be most effectively solved through policy change, as most fossil fuel emissions are produced by factories, electricity production and cars.


However, the importance of protecting the local environment are work together on educating many communities. These communities might then be compelled to select their leaders based on their effective environmental policies.


2 # TAKE ACTION WHEN AND WHERE YOU CAN

Now it's up to you to choose.


You now know which global issues the UN considers most important, and how you can contribute to the UN SDGs. All that's left to do is pick a GVI program to get started.


Choose the cause you care most about, rather than the one the UN considers most important. Working on what you are passionate about means you are more likely to stick with and put everything you have into the project, resulting in a more fulfilling experience for you, and greater impact on the ground.



@ Jackie San