Hand Sanitizer is a product which may be in liquid, form or gel, or pressurized containers in a spray form or sometimes in form of foam generating product. Hand Saitizers are generally used to decrease infectious agents on the surface of hands. In most settings, hand washing with soap and water is generally preferred. Hand sanitizer is less effective at killing certain kinds of germs, such as norovirus and Clostridium difficile and unlike soap and water, it cannot remove harmful chemicals. Minimum contact time with antimicrobial agent in hand sanitizer is much therefore hand sanitizer is often incorrectly wiped off before its optimum contact time or it has dried, and some are less effective because their alcohol concentrations are too low.
In most healthcare settings alcohol-based hand sanitizers are preferable to hand washing with soap and water. Reasons include it being better tolerated and more effective method. Hand washing with soap and water, however, should be carried out if contamination can be seen, or following the use of the toilet. The general use of non-alcohol-based hand sanitizers has no recommendations. Currently in the outbreak of SARS-COV-2 Virus outbreak Alcohol based hand sanitizers demand went up and duet to meet decontamination requirements water based hand sanitizer that contain minimum of 200 PPM available chlorine is recommended.
Alcohol-based versions typically contain some combination of isopropyl alcohol, ethanol (ethyl alcohol), or n-propanol, with versions containing 60% to 75% alcohol the most effective. Optimum Alcohol concentration considered is 70% to 75% higher than that may render hand sanitizer less effective, and give just a dehydrating effect on microbial cell wall, presence of water molecule alcohol works as bactericidal. Care should be taken as they are flammable. Alcohol-based hand sanitizer works against a wide variety of microorganisms but not spores. Compounds such as glycerol may be added to prevent drying of the skin. Some versions contain fragrances; however, these are discouraged due to the risk or allergic reactions. Non-alcohol based versions typically contain benzalkonium chloride or triclosan; but are less effective than alcohol-based ones.
Alcohol has been used as an antiseptic at least as early as 1363 with evidence to support its use becoming available in the late 1800s. Alcohol-based hand sanitizer has been commonly used in Europe since at least the 1980s. The alcohol-based version is on the World Heatlh Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the safest and most effective medicines needed in a health system. The wholesale cost in the developing world is about US$1.40 - 3.70 per liter bottle.
TYPES OF HAND SANITIZER
Depending on the active ingredient used, hand sanitizers can be classified as one of two types: alcohol-based or alcohol-free. Alcohol-based products typically contain between 60 and 95 percent alcohol, usually in the form of ethanol, isopropanol, or n-propanol. At those concentrations, alcohol immediately denatures proteins, effectively neutralizing certain types of microorganism. Alcohol-free products are generally based on disinfectants, such as benzalkonium chloride (BAC), or on antimicrobial agents, such as triclosan. The activity of disinfectants and antimicrobial agents is both immediate and persistent. Many hand sanitizers also contain emollients (e.g., glycerin) that soothe the skin, thickening agents, and fragrance.
EFFECTIVENESS USING HAND SANITIZER
The effectiveness of hand sanitizer depends on multiple factors, including the manner in which the product is applied (e.g. quantity used, duration of exposure, frequency of use) and whether the specific infectious agents present on the person's hands are susceptible to the active ingredient in the product. In general, alcohol-based hand sanitizers, if rubbed thoroughly over finger and hand surfaces for a period of 30 seconds, followed by complete air-drying, can effectively reduce populations of bacteria, fungi, and some enveloped viruses (e.g., influenze A viruses). Similar effects have been reported for Certain Alcohol-Free Formulations, Such As SAB (Surfactant, Allantoin, And BAC) Hand Sanitizer. Most Hand Sanitizers. However, are relatively ineffective against bacterial spores, Nonenveloped Viruses (E.G., Norovirus), and Encysted Parasites (E.G., Giardia). They also do not fully cleanse or sanitize the skin when hands are noticeably soiled prior to application.
HERE ARE THE BEST HAND SANITIZERS YOU CAN BUY :a). Best Hand Sanitizer Overall : Pharma Advanced Aloe
Scent Hand Sanitizer
b). Best Budget Hand Sanitizer : Equate Hand Sanitizer With
c). Best Hand Sanitizing Wipes : Pharma C Alcohol Wipes
d). Best Hand Sanitizer For Dry Skin : Highmark Advanced
Hand Sanitizer, Aloe
e). Best Non-Alcohol Sanitizer Wipes : Purell Fresh Scent
a). The Best Hand Sanitizer Overall
Purell Advanced Aloe Scent Hand Sanitizer Contains 70% Ethyl Alcohol And Is 99.9% Effective In Killing Germs To Help Protect Your Hands.
Purell, a leading brand hand sanitizing products, is used in many hospitals and medical clinics. This Purell gel formulation contains 70% ethyl alcohol as well as aloe, Vitamin E, and other moisturizers to prevent excessive drying of the skin on our hands.
The high level of alcohol kills germs quickly and the solution is 99.9% effective in killing the contagious microbes. The formula is free of parabens, phthalates, and preservatives that can cause skin irritation.
I have sensitive skin and find that it does not cause excessive drying or result in itching or redness after use.
According to the price-tracking site CamelCamelCamel, this cost a little under $9 in August last year and $17 at the end of January 2020 on Amazon. Due to news of the novel Coronavirus, items fulfilled by Amazon have sold out and the prices for products fulfilled by third-party sellers have gone up significantly - the highest price as of publishing time for this item is $ 130. Stock is low at many online stores, including Office Depot.
Pros : Contains 70% ethyl alcohol, 99.9% effective in killing germs, contains moisturizing ingredients, light aloe scent, available in a pump bottle
Cons : More expensive than other sanitizers.
b). The Best Budget Hand Sanitizer
A Large Bottle Of Equate Hand Sanitizer With Aloe Can Help Kill Germs Without Wrecking Your Wallet.
Walmart is a great place to save money on bulk household supplies, and its in-house brand of hand sanitizer, Equate Hand Sanitizer With Aloe, is a great budget buy. Made with 62% ethyl alcohol, moisturizing aloe, and vitamin E, it meets the requirements of an effective hand sanitizer outlined by the CDC while still preventing excessively dry skin.
The downsides is that the large 60-ounce bottle is a squeeze bottle, not a pump, so it's not as convenient as the Highmark and can be hard for kids and mature hands to pick up and use effectively.
At a little under $6 for the large bottle, this doesn't seem to be marked up. Online inventory is currently unavailable at the time of publishing, but you might be able to find this in stores since it's Walmart's in-house brand. There are no current limits to how much shoppers can purchase if inventory becomes available online.
Pros : Budget-friendly, effectively kills microbes, contains moisturizers
Cons : Squeeze top.
@ Jackie San
c). The Best Hand Sanitizing Wipes
Pharma C Alcohol Wipes Are Large Enough To Thoroughly Sanitize Your Hands With 70% Isopropyl Alcohol.
If yo have ever had a flu shot, your arm was wiped down with a small alcohol wipe to remove bacteria from your skin. Pharma C Alcohol Wipes are a larger version than can sanitize your hands.
Measuring around 5.5 x 7 inches, the woven wipe is saturated with a 70% isopropyl alcohol and purified water solution. Presented in a canister with a pop-up lid, the wipes will stay moist if the lid is closed tighly.
I feel very confident when using these wipes that my hands are as germ-free as they can be. The big downside is that alcohol alone with no other buffers can be very drying to skin.
The usual price for this looks to be around $22 on Walmart, which is one of the more reputable sites that still have these wipes. However, due to news of the novel Coronavirus, the price has gone up significantly and stock is low at Walmart.
Pros : Wipes contain 70% isopropyl alcohol, resealable canister, made in the USA.
Cons : Very drying to the skin, strong alcohol odor.
d). The Best Hand Sanitizer For Dry Skin
Highmark Advanced Hand Sanitizer, Aloe Helps Kills Germ With 65% Ethyl Alcohol While Aloe And Vitamin E Protect Your Skin.
If you need a hand sanitizer that won't dry out hands, Highmark Advanced hand Sanitizer, Aloe is a perfect choice. The large 32-ounce pump bottle makes it convenient to accommodates lots of dirty and sensitive or dry hands.
Highmark is an effective hand sanitizer with 65% ethyl alcohol, but the addition of aloe and vitamin E helps keep hand soft and moisturized. The aloe also leaves behind a light, fresh scent.
The $8 price sounds normal for this product especially when it's such a large bottle, but it's currently out of stock for delivery, though you may find it in stores. When the item comes back in stock online, shoppers will be limited for four bottles each.
Pros : Effectively kills bacteria, contains moisturizers, light scent, large pump bottle.
Cons : Only available at Office Depot or Office Max
e). The Best Non-Alcohol Sanitizer Wipes
While Not As Effective As An Alcohol - Based Sanitizer, Purell Fresh Scent Sanitizing Wipes Can Help Kill Germs While Still Being Gentle Enough To Use On Your Face.
If alcohol - based sanitizers are too harsh and drying, Purell Fresh Scent Sanitizing Wipes can help kill common germs until you can get to a sink for handwashing.
The wipes measure 6 x 7-inch and have been tested by dermatologists. They contain moisturizers but no dyes, parabens phthalates, or alcohol so they won't wreck delicate skin. The solution instead contains benzalkonium chloride, and antimicrobial that kills most common germs that may cause illness. However, the CDC still recommends alcohol-based wipes as they're more effective.
The sub-$7 for this is about right for the product, but it's currently out of stock for delivery on Office Depot as well as most other online store, including Amazon, due to news of the novel Coronavirus. It's limited to 12 cans of wipes per person, and you can subscribe to the item for a future order when it's back in stock.
Pros : Antimicrobial, no harsh ingredients, the package is resealable
Cons : Not as effective as an alcohol wipe.
@ Jackie San