Bowling is a leisure activity / sport in which a player rolls or throws a bowling ball towards a target. It is one of the major forms of throwing sports. In pin bowling variations, the target is usually to known over pins at the end of a lane. A strike is when all the pins are knocked down on the first roll, whereas a spare is when all the pins are knocked over on the second shot.
The maximum score is 300 points. Which is achieved by getting 12 strikes in a row. Three consecutive strikes is known as a “turkey”.
Further strings of strikes are referred to as the number with the word “bagger”, such as “four-bagger” for four consecutive strikes. The term “harbone” has also been used to describe four consecutive strikes. In target variations, the aim is usually to get the ball as close to a mark as possible. The pin version of bowling is often played on a flat wooden or other synthetic surface (which can be oiled in different patterns for different techniques), while in target bowling, the surface may be grass, gravel or a synthetic surface. The most common types of pin bowling include ten-pin, nine-pin, candle pin, duck pin and five-pin bowling, while in target bowling, bowls, skittles, kegel, bocce, carpet bowls, petanque and boules, both indoor and outdoor varieties are popular.
Today the bowling sport is played by 100 million people in more than 90 countries worldwide (including 70 million in the United States), and continues to grow through entertainment media such as video games for home consoles and handheld devices.
Types of Bowling Techniques :
1 Spin Bowlers
Spin bowling is a bowling technique in cricket and the bowler is referred to as a spinner.
Spin bowling is divided into four different categories, depending on the particular physical technique used. There is virtually no overlap between the two basic biomechanical techniques of wrist spin and finger spin.
- Off Break – Right-handed with finger spin technique.
- Left-arm Orthodox Spin – Left –handed with finger spin technique.
- Leg Break – Right-handed with wrist spin technique.
- Left-Arm Unorthodox Spin – Left- handed with wrist spin technique.
Spin bowlers are generally given the task of bowling with an old, worn cricket ball. A new cricket ball better suits the techniques of fast bowling than spin bowling, while a worn one grips the pitch better and achieves greater spin. Spin bowlers are also more effective later in a game, as the pitch dries up and begins to crack and crumble. This again provides more purchase for the spinning ball and produces greater deviation. Spin bowlers that open the bowling are rare, but became a more a viable option with the introduction of Twenty20 cricket when pitch conditions are in their favour, and the ball also generally drifts more in the air.
2 Straight Bowlers
While top professional bowlers may prefer the explosive pin action offered by a hook shot, a straight line always represents the shortest distance between you and your target pins. Good straight ball bowling relies on precise, well-practiced form that minimizes side to side movement throughout the shot.
Approach each shot by striding straight toward your target. Keep your eyes focused straight ahead on the target pin. As you swing your arm to deliver the shot, maintain a 90-degree bend at your elbow and keep the ball moving directly forward and back along the alley. Hold your wrist and upper body still throughout the shot motion to avoid swinging your arms to the side and adding an unwanted rotational component to the movement.
In theory tightening up your muscles may sound important for a strong roll, but in reality tensed muscles reduce ball speed and place more stress on your arm. Always keep your bowling arm relaxed and swinging freely to efficiently transfer energy forward into the shot. Bend down to release the ball just above the surface of the lane, then follow through straight ahead to keep your hand and momentum moving in the right direction.
3 Hook Bowlers
A hook in ten-pin bowling is a ball that rolls in a curving pattern (versus straight). The purpose of the hook is to give the ball a better angle at the 1-3 pocket (right handers) or 1-2 pocket (left handers).
When a ball is rolled straight, hitting the pocket must be precise. By hooking the ball, the ball will hit the pins with more force, producing better carry- especially on the 5-pin during a strike ball. Straight roll-even when it hits the pocket, will tend to leave a tap, such as the 5-pin on a light hit, or the 10-pin if the ball was just slightly right of the head pin. A hook ball can create strikes with less precise hits at the pocket.
A hook ball can help the bowler shape the shot on challenging oil patterns.
In other games of bowling, such as duckpin bowling or candle bowling, a hook is virtually non-existent for experienced bowlers since the ball is much smaller than in ten-pin bowling, and rolls too fast to the pins to allow a hook to develop.
There are two ways to produce a hook. The first method involves bowling technique. At the moment of throwing the bowling ball, the hand should be behind the ball and where the thumb (for a right-hander) is anywhere between 10-o’clock and 12-o’clock, and the two fingers are between 4-o’clock and 6-o’clock. Just before releasing the ball, the entire hand starts rotating in a counter-clockwise motion. The thumb must fall out the ball first. And then, the middle and ring finger release almost simultaneously, again in a counter-clockwise direction. The two fingers releasing while rotating is called “lift,” where this type of a release gives the roll more torque and therefore more power. This release technique gives the bowling ball its spin needed for the hook. When the two fingers lift the ball correctly, it will cause the thumb to naturally fall out of the ball first, so one does not have to make a conscious effort to remove the thumb before the fingers.
A backup ball produces the opposite result of a hook. When a ball is rolled by a right-hander, the ball will hook from left to right. The bowling ball can be drilled for a left-handed bowler. The exact same principles of hooking a ball are applied on a backup ball, except the hand rotates clockwise.
“GOOD LUCK & ENJOY YOUR GAMES”
|Megalanes Kuching, Sarawak|
@ Jackie San