Ethnicities indigenous to Brunei include the Belait, Brunei Bisaya (not to be confused with the Bisaya/Visaya or the nearby Philippines), indigenous Bruneian Malay, Dusun, Lun Bawang, Murut, Kedayan and Tutong.
The principal spoken language is Melayu Brunei (Brunei Malay). Brunei Malay is rather divergent from standard Malay and the rest of the Malay dialects, being about 84% cognate with standard Malay, and is mostly mutually unintelligible with it. English and Chinese are also widely spoken, English is also used in business, as a working language, and as the language of instruction from primary to tertiary education, and there is a relatively large expatriate community.
Thing to do in Brunei Darussalam
Brunei has long been synonymous with opulence and oil money. And, in fact, there's little that immediately counteracts that imagine in this nation of shimmering whitewashed mosques and golden-tipped minarets. In the west and all around the well-to-do capital at Bandar Seri Begawan, you'll see nodding donkeys and the industrial workings of the sultanate's petroleum industry. You'll spot rich arabesque palaces and ambitious building projects erupting on every corner.
But let's not forget that this is Borneo either; and with Borneo comes real wildernesses. I'm talking dense rainforests and volcanic peaks. I'm here talking rustic villages of longhouses and the occasional sighting of an uber-rare clouded leopard! Granted, you'll have to head deep into the southern or eastern recesses of the nation for those, but there are always - tantalizingly - there.
So, with everything form buzzing markets to monkey-trodden jungles, check out this list of the best you must thing to do when visit Brunei Darussalam !!!
# 1- Ulu Temburong National Park
The revered Green Jewel of Brunei, Ulu Temburong sits nestled deep in the recesses of the country's eastern exclave.
A veritable mecca for ecotourists and wildlife lovers, it's been hailed across the globe as a fine example of state-sponsored conservation.
In all, it covers a whopping 550 sq. kilometres of primeval rainforest, and hosts the exotic likes of rhinoceros hornbills and swinging gibbon colonies.
Visitors who make their way here can enjoy safaris on specially constructed rope bridges in the canopies, which offer a unique perspective atop the old growth jungle.
Bandar Seri Begawan (or just BSB) is perhaps the most richly-adorned capital you've never heard of.
Home of just 50,000 people, it's a pint-sized lesson in how oil money can change the world.
Having been transformed in the last century, from a seaside trading town to the gilded epicentre of drilling and home of the great Sultan of Brunei, the town hosts wondrous - if a tad gaudy - sights like the gold - tipped Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque and the colossal Istana Nurul Iman, which holds the world record for the largest governmental building on the globe.
There's also fascinating Islamic craft on display in the Brunei Museum and oodles of shopping to be had in the malls of Gadong.